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SOUTH SUDAN: Boreholes Provide Thousands of People With Water

Completed Project

Project Overview

Training enables women to access clean water and reduce the spread of disease

Timeline: 1 year
Anticipated lives impacted: 12,500
Ministry Focus: Holistic
Total Amount Requested: $104,787

In their own words:

“We used to cycle long distances in order to get some water and we would end up traveling back home in the evening, which was not safe. In addition to traveling long distances, we would only be able to access water in ponds because our area is very dry. But now with the access of a water borehole near us, at least we are able to dedicate more time to our household chores and help our families better.”
— Mary Awien Athian Keer, Lurchuk village, Warrap state, South Sudan


The drought-stricken, semi-desert region of South Sudan has left people struggling for access to clean drinking water. Tribal conflicts and the effects of wars in neighboring countries have caused an influx of people into South Sudan, which has created even more need for water. Women in particular are burdened with the task of collecting water for their households and must spend many hours in long lines waiting to get water, a task that can require travel over long distances, especially during dry seasons. During rainy seasons water is easily contaminated.


The people of South Sudan need access to safe, clean drinking water. Water sources need to be easily reached by women who transport it long distances so they can tend to many other household duties.


The Episcopal Church of South Sudan – Christian Action for Relief and Development (ECSSCARD) in the Diocese of Wau will drill five boreholes in Warrap state of South Sudan. These boreholes will help curb the region’s water shortages by providing water to a total of 12,500 people. The implementer will also train people in personal and household hygiene in order to reduce the spread of disease. This project will ease some of the burden of collecting water, enabling more women to tend to their families and rebuild their lives.

Life Impact

This project benefits at least 12,500 people, some through multiple impacts::

  • 12,500 people will benefit from access to clean drinking water after five boreholes are drilled.
  • 1,250 people will adopt a more hygienic lifestyle, as indicated by a reduction in waterborne diseases.
  • 250 people will complete training on the management of boreholes and hygiene, as indicated by attendance records.
  • 75 people will take action inspired by God’s Word by serving on water committees and training other community members on proper hygiene and sanitation.

Project Design

ECSS-CARD will work with churches, nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and government health officials in Warrap state to select a
company to drill five boreholes in select regions. This will give an estimated 12,500 community members access to clean drinking water, as each borehole will serve at least 2,500 people.

ECSS-CARD will meet with leaders in Turalei, Majoknoon, Akon, Kuajok and Maan aguei to orient them to the project. These leaders will select 75 people to serve on five 15-member water management committees in their areas. They will work closely with ECSS-CARD to implement the project, both during the current project period and beyond. Each committee will receive training on how to maintain the boreholes and will pass on this knowledge to other community members. They will also collect minimal fees from beneficiary households and use these funds to purchase spare parts in case the borehole malfunctions.

Additionally, 250 women – 50 selected by each of five water management committees – will receive training in hygiene and sanitation. Research indicates that many of the people in these areas are uneducated about hygiene and sanitation. Many people dispose of waste near
living spaces, thereby increasing incidences of disease in highly populated areas. As a result of this training, many of the women will tend to hygiene and sanitation concerns in their homes, leading to a reduction in illness. They will also learn to manage the boreholes, which is particularly important since women are often the ones collecting water. These initiatives will benefit a total of 1,250 people, including an estimated five people in each of the 250 households represented by participating women.

Measuring impact: The water management committees will meet monthly to discuss issues and will give feedback to the project officer, who will compile quarterly reports for ECSS-CARD.

Track record: ECSS-CARD has experience working with communities in Warrap state to provide clean drinking water. Through a 2013 fund from the Anglican Relief and Development Fund, these communities gained access to water and reduced incidences of waterborne disease. That project also freed children from the responsibility of collecting water and enabled them to enroll in school.

Project Budget

Drilling boreholes: $60,000

Research and evaluation: $11,227

Hygiene and sanitation training: $11,000

Training of water committee members: $8,000

Field visits: $7,450

Staff: $7,110

Total: $104,787


Risk Analysis

Low: 1, Low/Medium: 2, Medium: 3, Medium/High: 4, High: 5

Concept: Risk Level 1

Drilling boreholes will provide clean drinking water near beneficiaries’ homes. This project clearly addresses a felt need among communities struggling to gain access to clean drinking water.

Program Design and Experience: Risk Level 2

ECSS-CARD’s success at providing clean drinking water in Warrap state has prompted it to reach out to more people with the same intervention. The choice to work with community members to select the drilling company and borehole locations goes a long way toward ensuring project success. However, long-term impact will depend upon the effectiveness of water management committees.

Leadership: Risk Level 3

The chairman of ECSS-CARD has experience in handling water projects, and the finance manager has been with the organization for more than two years, but the project manager is new. Project success is highly dependent upon the capability of water committees and the ability of
the trained women to instruct others. The local governing body will need to work closely with project staff and water management committees to get maximum results.

Financial Control: Risk Level 3

The Diocese of Wau has made significant improvements in record-keeping since 2011 when it had no financial statements. Project costs are reasonable. The diocese has stable management and secure wire transfer methods, but it lacks externally audited financial statements. It also lacks independent governance as all are members of the Anglican Church.

Sustainability: Risk Level 1

The project has strong community endorsement. Once committee members are trained and borehole construction is complete, the project will not require further funding, even as the benefits of this project continue for years to come.

External: Risk Level 3

Conflict in South Sudan has caused many people to relocate, leading to instability throughout the new country. This could hurt water committees if newly trained members move away from the project region.

Read full report as a PDF.

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